Giovanni Bellini (1430-1516) was an Italian painter considered to be the father of the Venetian Renaissance. He was a major influence the transformation of Venice from a minor artistic center to a capital of the Italian Renaissance. Bellini's six-decade long career was driven by his own tendency to absorb advanced painting techniques and He was the first Italian artist to adopt the Flemish oil painting technique allowing in depth shading. Bellini was known as a religious. The American artist Bill Viola says Bellini was the inventor of the zoom technique.