Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890) was a Dutch Post Impressionist painter. He suffered from psychotic episodes and the art helped him to stay balanced.His friendship with the French Painter Gauguin, ended after he threatened him with a razor, and in a rage, cut off his own ear. Van Gogh was influenced by Japanese art and studied eastern philosophy to enrich his art. He completed2100 artworks but during his life managed to sell only one and was considered a failure. His reputation began to grow in the early 20th century and after his painting style influenced German Expressionists. Today,Vincent van Gogh is considered the greatest Dutch painter after Rembrandt.
"As for me, I am rather often uneasy in my mind, because I think that my life has not been calm enough; all those bitter disappointments, adversities, changes keep me from developing fully and naturally in my artistic career."
--Vincent van Gogh